Construction and validation of a classroom climate scale: a mixed methods approach

Autores/as: Verónica López, Javier Torres‑Vallejos, Paula Ascorra, Boris Villalobos‑Parada, Marian Bilbao & René Valdés.

Descripción: Students’ perceptions of their classroom climate have been found to relate significantly to students’ learning outcomes. The purpose of the present study was to construct an instrument for assessing elementary-school students’ perceptions of classroom climate, based on a previous instrument that was being used in Chile by a public national school mental health program as a tool for aiding teachers in improving classroom management, but which showed poor psychometric properties. We used a six-staged mixedmethods approach to construct relevant items and dimensions based on this measure and by adapting previously-existing scales. Item development included participatory construction of items involving program officials, focus groups with students, and a pilot study. The final version was administered to a sample of 6813 elementary-school students. Results showed adequate reliability and construct validity, convergent validity with school climate, and divergent validity with peer victimisation. When consequential validity was explored through semi-structured interviews with program officials and school administrators, we found that the instrument was being used as a tool for helping teachers to improve their school climate and management skills. We discuss the importance of constructing instruments using a mixed-methods approach.

Palabras clave: classroom climate, measurement, mixed methods, validity.

Cómo citar: López, V., Torres-Vallejos, J., Ascorra, P. et al. Construction and validation of a classroom climate scale: a mixed methods approach. Learning Environ Res 21, 407–422 (2018). https://doi.org/10.1007/s10984-018-9258-0

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